Burmese 100A: Intermediate Burmese

Category: Languages
Course #: 32897
Units: 5
Instructors: Kenneth Wong
Times and Locations:
W 4-6, B7 Dwinelle; Th 4-6, B7 Dwinelle; F 4-5, B7 Dwinelle

Kenneth Wong teaches intermediate Burmese using excerpts from short stories by Ma Sandar, essays by Ludu Daw Amar, contemporary poems, pop song lyrics, and YouTube clips. Students learn to read, write, and talk about familiar topics, ranging from memorable trips and meals to daily routines…

Filipino 1A Section 1: Introductory Filipino

Category: Languages
Course #: 30941
Units: 5
Instructors: Cynthia “Chat” Aban
Times and Locations:
MTuWThF 11 am-12 pm 250 Dwinelle

Filipino 1A is the first semester in the Introductory Filipino two-semester series (Filipino 1A and 1B). This is a beginners’ class with emphasis on the four basic skills: listening, speaking, reading, and writing. The course uses the functional approach in learning a language. At the…

Filipino 1A Section 2: Introductory Filipino

Category: Languages
Course #: 30942
Units: 5
Instructors: Cynthia “Chat” Aban
Times and Locations:
MTuWThF 12-1 pm 187 Dwinelle

A systematic introduction to the grammar, sentence patterns, and essential vocabulary of modern standard Filipino. Emphasis is placed on extensive practice in idiomatic Filipino conversation, with additional practice in reading and writing Filipino.

Filipino 1A Section 3: Introductory Filipino

Category: Languages
Course #: 30943
Units: 5
Instructors: Joi Barrios-LeBlanc
Times and Locations:
MW 11 am-1 pm, 104 Wheeler F 11 am-12 pm, 104 Wheeler

Filipino 1A. Introductory Filipino. Five hours a Week. Prerequisites – none. Do you know the words nanay (mother), tatay (father), sinigang (sour soup), and kawawa (poor you)? Would you like to better communicate with your grandparents who speak Filipino? You may be a heritage learner,…

Filipino 1A, Section 4: Introductory Filipino

Category: Languages
Course #: 30944
Units: 5
Instructors: Joi Barrios-LeBlanc
Times and Locations:
TuTh 12:30-2 pm, 2066 VLSB F 12-2 pm, 126 Wheeler

Filipino 1A. Introductory Filipino. Five hours a Week. Prerequisites – none. Do you know the words nanay (mother), tatay (father), sinigang (sour soup), and kawawa (poor you)? Would you like to better communicate with your grandparents who speak Filipino? You may be a heritage learner,…

Filipino 1B Section 1: Introductory Filipino

Category: Languages
Course #: 32538
Units: 5
Instructors: Cynthia “Chat” Aban, Karen Llagas
Times and Locations:
TuTh 2-3:30 pm, 80 Social Sciences Building W 2-4 pm, 3105 Etcheverry

This is the continuation of the beginners’ class with emphasis on the four basic skills: listening, speaking, reading, and writing. The course uses the functional approach in learning a language. The students focus on basic conversational skills in Filipino. A review of basic grammar rules…

Filipino 100A Section 1: Intermediate Filipino

Category: Languages
Course #: 21410
Units: 5
Instructors: Karen Llagas
Times and Locations:
TuTh 11 am-12:30 pm, 89 Dwinelle W 10 am-12 pm, 220 Wheeler    

This is an intermediate class with emphasis on the four basic skills: listening, speaking, reading, and writing. The course uses the functional-situational approach in learning a language.The students will learn four necessary skills in the effective use of Filipino: paglalahad (defining and explaining); paglalarawan (describing…

Filipino 100A Section 2: Intermediate Filipino

Category: Languages
Course #: 21411
Units: 5
Instructors: Karen Llagas
Times and Locations:
TuTh 12:30-2 pm, 263 Dwinelle W 12-2 pm, B5 Hearst Field Annex

The goal of this course is to enable students to increase their proficiency in Filipino to at least the intermediate-high level of the national ACTFL Proficiency Guidelines. While speaking and listening comprehension will be stressed, training in reading and writing Filipino will be an integral…

Filipino 101A: Advanced Filipino

Category: Languages
Course #: 23694
Units: 3
Instructors: Joi Barrios-LeBlanc
Times and Locations:
TuTh 11 am-12:30 pm, 75 Evans

Three hours of lecture per week. Prerequisites. Two years of Filipino/Tagalog or consent of instructor. The class focuses on developing the following: reading skills for texts containing abstract vocabulary, idiomatic expressions, and complex sentences; listening skills for authentic texts; and writing skills in exposition and…

Hindi 1A: Introductory Hindi

Category: Languages
Course #: 24133
Units: 5
Instructors: Nora Melnikova
Times and Locations:
MTuWThF 11 am-12 pm 130 Dwinelle

In Introductory Hindi, you will learn to understand sentences and frequently used expressions related to areas of most immediate relevance (e.g. very basic personal and family information, shopping, local geography, employment). You will learn to communicate simply and discuss routine tasks requiring  simple and direct…

Hindi 100A Section 2: Intermediate Hindi

Category: Languages
Course #: 26485
Units: 4
Instructors: Nora Melnikova
Times and Locations:
MWF 10-11 am
2030 VLSB

In Hindi 100A, you will learn to understand the main points of clear standard input on familiar matters regularly encountered in work, school, leisure, etc. You will learn to deal with most situations likely to arise whilst travelling in an area where Hindi is spoken….

Hindi 101A: Readings in Modern Hindi

Category: Languages
Course #: 30945
Units: 4
Instructors: Nora Melnikova
Times and Locations:
TuTh 2-3:30 pm
250 Dwinelle

This course is designed for students who have already acquired upper-intermediate or higher level of Hindi. Its objective is to move students toward a greater level of proficiency in all language skills and introduce them to a variety of contemporary literary genres. Weekly readings, class…

Indonesian 1A: Introductory Indonesian

Category: Languages
Course #: 24129
Units: 5
Instructors: Ninik Lunde
Times and Locations:
MW 10 am-12 pm, 4 Evans
F 10 am-11 am, 2070 VLSB

Survey of grammar, graded exercises, and readings drawn from Indonesian texts, leading to a mastery of basic language patterns, essential vocabulary, and to achievement of basic reading, writing, and conversational competence. Emphasis on developing communicative skills.

Indonesian 100A Section 1: Intermediate Indonesian

Category: Languages
Course #: 24130
Units: 5
Instructors: Ninik Lunde
Times and Locations:
MW 12-2 pm, F 12-1 pm
54 Social Sciences Building

Readings in Indonesian texts, including newspapers, journals, and literature exploring a variety of styles. Systematic study of grammatical and lexical problems arising from these readings. Advanced exercises in composition, oral and written communicative skills, and cultural competence.

Indonesian 100A Section 2: Intermediate Indonesian

Category: Languages
Course #: 24131
Units: 5
Instructors: Ninik Lunde
Times and Locations:
TuTh 10 am-12 pm, 6 Evans F 11 am-12 pm, 75 Evans

Readings in Indonesian texts, including newspapers, journals, and literature exploring a variety of styles. Systematic study of grammatical and lexical problems arising from these readings. Advanced exercises in composition, oral and written communicative skills, and cultural competence.

Indonesian 210A: Seminar in Malay Letters and Oral Traditions

Category: Graduate Seminars
Course #: 25442
Units: 4
Instructors: Sylvia Tiwon
Times and Locations:
W 3-6 pm, 206 Dwinelle

This seminar focuses on reading Indonesian texts from a variety of perspectives.  We will develop a set of methods and tools to help us read, analyze and interpret a variety of texts in Indonesian and/or Malay.  We will approach the text as a link between…

Khmer 1A: Introductory Khmer

Category: Languages
Course #: 21652
Units: 5
Instructors: Frank Smith
Times and Locations:
MTuWThF 2-3 pm

This class is for students with no previous speaking ability in Khmer, and is the first part of a two-semester sequence, along with Khmer 1B. Students will learn “survival” speaking, reading, and writing skills in Khmer, and also become familiar with and learn how to…

Khmer 100A: Intermediate Khmer

Category: Languages
Course #: 21644
Units: 5
Instructors: Frank Smith
Times and Locations:
MTuWTh 4-5:30 pm

This class is for students who can already speak and understand “survival” or “home Khmer.” No previous knowledge of written Khmer is required for the course. Students will learn the basics of reading and writing as well as formal speaking. Topics covered include folk tales,…

Khmer 101A: Advanced Khmer

Category: Languages
Course #: 23207
Units: 3
Instructors: Frank Smith
Times and Locations:
TuTh 12:30-2 pm

This class is for students who are already familiar with the basics of written Khmer, and can express themselves in informal and some formal spoken Khmer. Students should be able to write basic narratives about their lives and describe various aspects of Khmer culture, and…

Punjabi 1A: Introductory Punjabi

Category: Languages
Course #: 22771
Units: 5
Times and Locations:
TuTh 9:30-11 am, 2030 VLSB LAB (#23170) F 10am - 12pm, 72 Evans Instructor: Sukhdeep Sembi

In this introductory year, students will be introduced to Gurmukhi script, and a survey of Punjabi grammar. Graded exercises are designed to lead to a mastery of basic language patterns, essential vocabulary, and the achievement of basic reading and writing skills.

Punjabi 100A: Intermediate Punjabi

Category: Languages
Course #: 22785
Units: 5
Times and Locations:
TuTh 2-3:30 pm, 206 Dwinelle LAB (#23171) F 2-4pm, 104 Wheeler Instructor: Sukhdeep Sembi

These two semesters focus on reading, writing and speaking Punjabi more fluently in formal and informal contexts. Selected readings vary every semester. These form the starting point to stimulate students’ own writings which include a long interview with a Punjabi elder from the wider community….

Sanskrit 100A: Elementary Sanskrit

Category: Languages
Course #: 22772
Units: 5
Times and Locations:
MWF 8-10 am, 214 Haviland

Sanskrit 100A, followed by 100B, introduces students to Sanskrit grammar, with the goal of developing the skills necessary to speak and read basic, simple Sanskrit texts. Sanskrit 100A covers lessons 1–12 of the Devavāṇīpraveśikā [Robert P. Goldman and Sally J. Sutherland Goldman, 2019], including, the…

Sanskrit 101A: Intermediate Sanskrit: Epic and Puranic Sanskrit

Category: Languages
Course #: 30946
Units: 5
Instructors: Sally J. Sutherland Goldman
Times and Locations:
MF 12-2 pm 242 Dwinelle

Introduces students to the itihasa/puranic traditions and related commentarial style of Sanskrit. An extended passage from Valmiki’s Ramayana, Vyasa’s Mahabharata, or one of the Mahapuranas is normally read with commentary, if available. The development of strong reading skills is the focus of the class. Additionally,…

South Asian 1A: Introduction to the Civilization of Early India

Category: South Asian
Course #: 30933
Units: 4
Times and Locations:
TuTh 12:30-2 pm, 126 Social Sciences Building Section 101 (#30934): W 12-1 pm, 175 Social Sciences Building Section 102 (#23110): W 1-2 pm, 103 Moffitt Library

This course offers a broad historical, political, ethnographical and and cultural survey of the civilizations of the Indian subcontinent from the earliest period known to archaeology to the advent of Islam as a major cultural and political force around the 13th century CE. Lectures, readings,…

South Asian R5A Section 1: Great Books of India

Category: Reading and Composition
Course #: 22802
Units: 4
Instructors: Staff
Times and Locations:
MWF 9-10 am
31 Evans

Reading and composition based on 10 classic works of Indian literature ranging from the ancient Sanskrit epics to modern novels by Indian and western authors. Weekly composition on texts and topics read and discussed in class. Satisfies the first half of the Reading and Composition…

South Asian R5A Section 2: Great Books of India

Category: Reading and Composition
Course #: 30935
Units: 4
Instructors: Staff
Times and Locations:
MWF 12-1 pm 47 Evans

Reading and composition based on 10 classic works of Indian literature ranging from the ancient Sanskrit epics to modern novels by Indian and western authors. Weekly composition on texts and topics read and discussed in class. Satisfies the first half of the Reading and Composition…

South Asian R5A Section 3: Great Books of India

Category: Reading and Composition
Course #: 30936
Units: 4
Instructors: Staff
Times and Locations:
MWF 2-3 pm 41 Evans

Reading and composition based on 10 classic works of Indian literature ranging from the ancient Sanskrit epics to modern novels by Indian and western authors. Weekly composition on texts and topics read and discussed in class. Satisfies the first half of the Reading and Composition…

South Asian R5A Section 4: Great Books of India

Category: Reading and Composition
Course #: 30937
Units: 4
Instructors: Staff
Times and Locations:
MWF 3-4 pm 279 Dwinelle

Reading and composition based on 10 classic works of Indian literature ranging from the ancient Sanskrit epics to modern novels by Indian and western authors. Weekly composition on texts and topics read and discussed in class. Satisfies the first half of the Reading and Composition…

South Asian 123: Religion in Medieval India: Devotional (Bhakti) Literature of South Asia

Category: South Asian
Course #: 30254
Units: 4
Instructors: Rahul Parson
Times and Locations:
TuTh 11 am-12:30 pm 2030 VLSB

This course will introduce students to the rich heritage of devotional literature in pre- and early modern South Asia, often referred to as Bhakti. This course will include examples from medieval India as well as from many languages and regions, an area that encompasses modern-day…

South Asian 146: Mughal India through Memoirs, Chronicles and other Texts: The Mughal Empire, 1500-1857

Category: South Asian
Course #: 30256
Units: 4
Instructors: Munis D. Faruqui
Times and Locations:
TuTh 12:30-2 pm 104 Wheeler

This course is designed to provide a chronological and thematic approach to the study of one of the greatest empires in human civilization: the Mughal Empire. Although the bulk of this course will focus on the Mughal Empire during its heyday between the 1550s and…

South Asian C224: Readings in Tibetan Buddhist Texts

Category: Graduate Seminars
Course #: 24371
Units: 2
Instructors: Jacob Dalton
Times and Locations:
Tu 2-5 pm
288 Dwinelle

This seminar provides an introduction to a broad range of Tibetan Buddhist texts, including chronicles and histories, biographical literature, doctrinal treatises, canonical texts, ritual manuals, pilgrimage guides, and liturgical texts. It is intended for graduate students interested in premodern Tibet from any perspective. Students are…

Southeast Asian R5A Section 1: Self, Representation, and Nation

Category: Reading and Composition
Course #: 24160
Units: 4
Instructors: Staff
Times and Locations:
MWF 1-2 pm 279 Dwinelle

This course is devoted to a study of selected literary texts set in various regions of Southeast Asia. The readings will include works by foreign authors who lived and traveled in Southeast Asia and translations of works by Southeast Asian writers. These texts will be…

Southeast Asian R5A Section 2: Self, Representation, and Nation

Category: Reading and Composition
Course #: 25292
Units: 4
Instructors: Staff
Times and Locations:
MWF 3-4 pm 61 Evans

This course is devoted to a study of selected literary texts set in various regions of Southeast Asia. The readings will include works by foreign authors who lived and traveled in Southeast Asia and translations of works by Southeast Asian writers. These texts will be…

Southeast Asian 10A: Introduction to the Civilizations of Southeast Asia

Category: Southeast Asian
Course #: 30947
Units: 4
Instructors: Rebekah Linh Collins
Times and Locations:
TuTh 12:30-2 pm, 9 Lewis Section 101 (#30948): W 10-11 am, 182 Dwinelle Section 102 (#30949): W 12-1 pm, B51 Hildebrand

Readings, lectures, and discussion of the culture and civilization of Southeast Asia. Mainland Southeast Asia: Covers the modern-day nations of Burma, Cambodia, Thailand, etc., with special emphasis on the impact of Hinduism and Buddhism.

Southeast Asian 137: Islam, Culture, and Politics in Southeast Asia

Category: Southeast Asian
Course #: 30950
Units: 4
Instructors: Sylvia Tiwon
Times and Locations:
TuTh 11 am-12:30 pm 242 Dwinelle

This upper-division undergraduate course studies key discourses on the cultures and politics of Islam in Southeast Asia. We trace the processes through which Islam entered the Malay world in the 13th century; explore the European colonial encounters with Islam in Southeast Asia and the ways…

Southeast Asian C164: The Indonesian Connection: Dutch (Post)colonial History and Culture in Southeast Asia

Category: Southeast Asian
Course #: 33139
Units: 4
Times and Locations:
TuTh 3:30-5 223 Dwinelle

In postcolonial thought on European claims to cultural supremacy, the case of the “Dutch East-Indies” (the future Indonesia) still arouses questions like: What made the Dutch colonial policy different from that of other European powers? What were the main characteristics of the “Dutch East-Indies”? How…

Southeast Asian 167: Contemporary Popular Cultures of the Philippines

Category: Southeast Asian
Course #: 26047
Units: 4
Instructors: Lisandro Claudio
Times and Locations:
TuTh 2-3:30 pm 234 Dwinelle

This course is an overview of Philippine culture from the mid-twentieth century until present, with an emphasis on film, pop music, television, popular journalism, and food cultures. It examines the evolution of Philippine culture in light of broadcast and digital media.

South and Southeast Asian 24: Freshman Seminar: Readings in Indian Philosophical Thought

Category: Freshman and Sophomore Seminars
Course #: 33400
Units: 1
Instructors: Nora Melnikova
Times and Locations:
F 1-2 134 Dwinelle

The Freshman Seminar Program has been designed to provide new students with the opportunity to explore an intellectual topic with a faculty member in a small seminar setting. Freshman seminars are offered in all campus departments and topics vary from department to department and semester…

South and Southeast Asian 39 Section 1: Filipino Spirituality: Influences of Catholicism, Islam, and Indigenous Beliefs in Philippine Art and Literature

Category: Freshman and Sophomore Seminars
Course #: 30951
Units: 2
Instructors: Cynthia “Chat” Aban, Joi Barrios-LeBlanc
Times and Locations:
Tu 9-11 am 47 Evans

Have you ever wondered why the homes of Filipino families in the United States display religious statues or celebrate Christmas and Lent in a different way from other Christians? Have you read Filipino poems, stories, songs, and festivals that focus on or mention Babaylan spritual…

South and Southeast Asian 39 Section 2: Fiction, Truth, and Memory in the Narratives of Filipina Writers

Category: Freshman and Sophomore Seminars
Course #: 30952
Units: 2
Instructors: Joi Barrios-LeBlanc, Karen Llagas
Times and Locations:
Th 9-11 am 51 Evans

Have you read short stories and autobiographical narratives of women writers? In this course, we will focus on the works of Filipina writers based in the Philippines, the United Stated and other parts of the world. Among the questions we will explore are: What are…

South and Southeast Asian C52: Introduction to the Study of Buddhism

Category: Buddhism
Course #: 23112
Units: 4
Instructors: Jacob Dalton
Times and Locations:
TuTh 11 am-12:30 pm
Section 101 (#23113) Th 2-3 pm, 104 Social Sciences Building
Section 102 (#24406): Th 3-4 pm, 185 Social Sciences Building
Section 103 (#23114): Th 4-5 pm, 175 Social Sciences Building
Section 104 (#24405): F 12-1 pm, 55 Evans
Section 105 (#23115): F 1-2 pm, 9 Evans
Section 106 (#23116): F 2-3 pm, 9 Evans

This introduction to the study of Buddhism will consider materials drawn from various Buddhist traditions of Asia, from ancient times down to the present day. However, the course is not intended to be a comprehensive or systematic survey; rather than aiming at breadth, the course…

South and Southeast Asian C147: Introduction to Pali

Category: South and Southeast Asian
Course #: 32629
Units: 4

South and Southeast Asian Studies 250 Section 1: Seminar

Category: Graduate Seminars
Course #: 25254
Units: 4
Instructors: Munis D. Faruqui
Times and Locations:
1 to 4 units W 4-7 pm 204 Dwinelle

South and Southeast Asian Studies 250 Section 2: Seminar

Category: Graduate Seminars
Course #: 30938
Units: 4
Instructors: Lisandro Claudio
Times and Locations:
1 to 4 units M 3-6 pm 204 Dwinelle

South and Southeast Asian 375: Methods and Problems in Teaching South and Southeast Asian Studies

Category: Graduate Seminars
Course #: 25862
Units: 3
Instructors: Rahul Parson
Times and Locations:
Tu 2-5 pm
204 Dwinelle

This course prepares graduate students to teach R&C and gateway courses, consolidating skills and developing confidence in the classroom. The course will give students practical experience in creating and adapting materials for use in the classroom, while consolidating their understanding of the basic principles of…

Tamil 1A: Introductory Tamil

Category: Languages
Course #: 22932
Units: 5
Instructors: Bharathy Sankara Rajulu
Times and Locations:
TuTh 11 am-12:30 pm, 4 Evans W 10 am-12 pm, 75 Evans

This course focuses on progressive acquisition of language skills to communicate effectively in  Tamil. It facilitates development of Listening, Speaking, Reading and Writing competence along  with basic grammar. By the end of the course, students will be able to Communicate at a basic level of…

Tamil 101A: Readings in Tamil

Category: Languages
Course #: 25829
Units: 4
Instructors: Bharathy Sankara Rajulu
Times and Locations:
M 11 am-12 pm, 75 Evans F 11 am-1 pm, 4 Evans Section 101 (#25830): W 1-2 pm, 115 Anthro/Art Practice Building

This course introduces students to a variety of literary styles. 101 A will consist of weekly readings and discussions of short stories, poems and dramatic sketches from representative authors. Short written assignments on themes suggested by the readings are required. Special attention is paid to…

Telugu 1A: Elementary Telugu

Category: Languages
Course #: 23017
Units: 4
Instructors: Bharathy Sankara Rajulu
Times and Locations:
TuTh 12:30-2 pm, 233 Dwinelle W 12-1 pm, 214 Haviland

This elementary level course focuses on progressive acquisition of language skills to communicate effectively in Telugu. It facilitates development of Listening, Speaking, Reading and Writing competence along with basic grammar.

Urdu 1A: Introductory Urdu

Category: Languages
Course #: 24115
Units: 5
Instructors: Gregory Maxwell Bruce
Times and Locations:
MTuWThF 10-11 am 189 Dwinelle

The course concentrates on developing skills in reading, writing, speaking, and aural comprehension. Evaluation is based on attendance, written homework assignments, quizzes, dictations, and examinations. Conventional teaching materials may be supplemented by popular songs and clips from contemporary Indian cinema.

Urdu 100A: Intermediate Urdu

Category: Languages
Course #: 24116
Units: 4
Instructors: Gregory Maxwell Bruce
Times and Locations:
MWF 11 am-12 pm 189 Dwinelle

Introduces various types of written and spoken Urdu; vocabulary building, idioms, and problems of syntax; and conversation. Reading of selected fiction and nonfiction in modern Urdu, including fables, short stories, and poetry. Exercises in grammar, conversation, and composition.

Urdu 101A: Advanced Urdu

Category: Languages
Course #: 24407
Units: 3
Instructors: Gregory Maxwell Bruce
Times and Locations:
TuTh 11 am-12:30 pm
104 Dwinelle

Reading of Urdu prose and poetry in a variety of literary and scholarly styles; composition. Topics in advanced grammar; designed to improve proficiency in speaking, listening, reading, and writing. Students will be expected to converse in a clearly participatory fashion, initiate, sustain, and bring to…

Vietnamese 1A Section 1: Introductory Vietnamese

Category: Languages
Course #: 22397
Units: 5
Instructors: Hanh Tran
Times and Locations:
MTuWThF 11 am-12 pm 233 Dwinelle

An introduction to modern spoken and written Vietnamese, including intensive drill on basic phonology and grammar. The first semester emphasizes phonetic concepts, syllable formations and tonal distinctions along with simple sentence structures in everyday topics. By the end of the second semester, students should be…

Vietnamese 1A Section 2: Introductory Vietnamese

Category: Languages
Course #: 22938
Units: 5
Instructors: Hanh Tran
Times and Locations:
MTuWThF 12-1 pm 106 Dwinelle

An introduction to modern spoken and written Vietnamese, including intensive drill on basic phonology and grammar. The first semester emphasizes phonetic concepts, syllable formations and tonal distinctions along with simple sentence structures in everyday topics. By the end of the second semester, students should be…

Vietnamese 100A: Intermediate Vietnamese

Category: Languages
Course #: 23067
Units: 5
Instructors: Hanh Tran
Times and Locations:
MTuWThF 1-2 pm 206 Dwinelle

A second-year course in Vietnamese vocabulary and syntax with intensive drills on short colloquial expressions and auditory recognition of speech patterns. First semester course stresses phraseology, sentence building, rules of composition and development of students’ communicative skills. By the end of the second semester students…

Vietnamese 101A: Advanced Vietnamese: Vietnamese Literature

Category: Languages
Course #: 22903
Units: 3
Instructors: Cam Nguyen
Times and Locations:
TuTh 2-3:30 pm 54 Social Sciences Building

This course is designed for students who have already achieved an intermediate degree of proficiency in speaking, reading, and writing modern Vietnamese. Objective: to move students toward a greater level of fluency in each of these key areas and provide an introduction to the literature…