Bengali (Intermediate) 101 A-B

Category: Languages
Course #: BANGLA 101A [#31602] (Fall), 101B (Spring)
Units: 5
Instructors: Abhijeet Paul
Times and Locations:
MW 12-2 pm, F 1-2 pm
DWIN225, DWIN104

This course introduces students to both the formal and colloquial forms of Bengali, through a combination of reading, writing, speaking, and grammar exercises. Students will also become better acquainted with Bengali culture, as they begin to read Bengali literature and view short films.

Burmese (Intermediate) 100A-B

Category: Languages
Course #: BURMESE 100A [#31628] (Fall), 100B [#30351] (Spring)
Units: 5
Instructors: Kenneth Wong
Times and Locations:

FALL: WTh 4-6 pm, F 4-5 pm
DWIN183, DWIN246

SPRING: MWF 10-12 pm
remote/online

Intermediate Burmese 100A and 100B introduce students to progressively difficult authentic text and multimedia, comprising excerpts from contemporary short stories and poetry, news reports, song lyrics, and TV adverts.

Filipino (Advanced) 101 A-B

Category: Languages
Course #: FILIPN 101A [#24866] (Fall), FILIPN 101B [#25044] (Spring)
Units: 3
Instructors: Joi Barrios-LeBlanc
Times and Locations:

FALL:
TTh 11 am-12:30 pm
EVAN4

SPRING:
TTh 11-12:30 pm
remote/online

Have you successfully completed Intermediate Filipino)? Are you a heritage learner who may have left the Philippines during middle school or high school? Are you looking to be able to enhance reading and writing skills in Filipino? The class focuses on developing the following: reading…

Filipino (Intermediate) 100 A-B

Category: Languages
Course #: FILIPN 100A (Fall), FILIPN 100B (Spring)
Units: 5
Instructors: Karen Llagas
Times and Locations:

FALL:

[CCN #21833] TTh 11 am-12:30 pm, F 10am -12 pm, DWIN89, EVAN55

[CCN #21832] TTh 12:30-2 pm, F 12-2 pm, DWIN262, EVAN45

SPRING:

[CCN #22195] TTh 12:30-2 pm, F 12-2 pm, remote/online

 

 

This is an intermediate class with emphasis on the four basic skills: listening, speaking, reading, and writing. The course uses the functional-situational approach in learning a language.The students will learn four necessary skills in the effective use of Filipino: paglalahad (defining and explaining); paglalarawan (describing…

Filipino (Introductory) 1 A-B

Category: Languages
Course #: FILIPN 1A (Fall), FILIPN 1B (Spring)
Units: 5
Instructors: Cynthia “Chat” Aban, Joi Barrios-LeBlanc
Times and Locations:

FALL:

Aban, C. [CNN #21848]: MTWThF 11-12 pm, DWIN179

Aban, C. [CNN #21849]: MTWThF 12-1 pm, DWIN189

Barrios-Leblanc, M. [CNN #21850]: TTh 12:30-2 pm, F 12-2 pm, DWIN235, VLSB2030

SPRING:

Aban, C. [CCN #22192]: MTuWThF 11-12 pm, remote/online

Aban, C. [CCN: #22193]: MTuWThF 12-1 pm, remote/online

Aban, C. [CCN: #25839]: MTuWThF 1-2 pm, remote/online

Filipino 1A is the first semester in the Introductory Filipino two-semester series (Filipino 1A and 1B). This is a beginners’ class with emphasis on the four basic skills: listening, speaking, reading, and writing. The course uses the functional approach in learning a language. At the…

Filipino Nationalism

Category: Graduate Seminars
Course #: SSEASIAN 250 [CNN #31860]
Units: 4
Instructors: Lisandro Claudio
Times and Locations:

Th 4-7pm, DWIN 109

This graduate seminar is a survey of historical work on Philippine nationalism from the nineteenth century until the present. It covers the rise of liberal creole movements in the early nineteenth century, Jose Rizal and the ilustrados of the late nineteenth century, the Philippine revolution…

Filipino Online (Introductory) W1X, W1Y

Category: Languages
Course #: FILIPN W1X [CNN #24145] (Fall), FILIPN W1Y [CCN #22194] (Spring)
Units: 5
Instructors: Joi Barrios-LeBlanc
Times and Locations:

FALL: MW 4-5:30pm, F 4-6pm

SPRING: MW 5-6:30 pm, F 4-6 pm

Do you know the words nanay (mother), tatay (father), sinigang (sour soup), masarap (delicious), and kawawa (poor you)? Would you like to better communicate with your grandparents who speak Filipino and only have a limited knowledge of English? You may be a heritage learner, or…

Freshman/Sophomore Seminar – Sinigang Stories: Philippine Cuisine Narratives

Category: Freshman and Sophomore Seminars
Course #: SSEASN 39 [CNN #33969]
Units: 2
Instructors: Joi Barrios-LeBlanc, Karen Llagas
Times and Locations:

Th 9-11 am, online

Have you tasted sinigang, lumpia, adobo, or for the adventurous, even balut? This seminar course focuses on Philippine cuisine and literary works that use Filipino food as inspiration, theme, or metaphor. Each class uses a particular dish, cooking method, or Filipino ingredient as a starting…

Freshman/Sophomore Seminar – Filipino Spirituality

Category: Freshman and Sophomore Seminars
Course #: SSEASN 39 [CNN #16779]
Units: 2
Instructors: Cynthia “Chat” Aban, Joi Barrios-LeBlanc
Times and Locations:

T 9-11, Dwinelle 211

Have you ever wondered why the homes of Filipino families in the United States display religious statues or celebrate Christmas and Lent in a different way from other Christians? Have you read Filipino poems, stories, songs, and festivals that focus or mention Babaylan spritual leaders,…

Great Books of India (R5A)

Category: Reading and Composition
Course #: SASIAN R5A
Units: 4
Instructors: Staff
Times and Locations:
[CNN #24992] MWF 10-11 am, DWIN279
[CNN #26509] MWF 11am-12 pm, EVAN39
[CNN #31642] MWF 12-1 pm, DWIN279
[CNN #23533] MWF 2-3 pm, DWIN89
[CNN #24619] MWF 4-5 pm, DWIN262

Reading and composition based on classic works of Indian literature ranging from the ancient Sanskrit epics to modern novels by Indian and western authors. Weekly composition on texts and topics read and discussed in class. Satisfies the first half of the Reading and Composition requirement.

Hindi (Intermediate) 100A-B

Category: Languages
Course #: HINDI 100A [CCN# 26483] (Fall), HINDI 100B [CCN #25525] (Spring)
Units: 4
Instructors: Nora Melnikova
Times and Locations:
FALL:
MTW 1-2 pm, Th 1-2 pm
CORY285, EVAN55
SPRING:
MTuW 11-12 pm, remote/online

In Hindi 100A, you will learn to understand the main points of clear standard input on familiar matters regularly encountered in work, school, leisure, etc. You will learn to deal with most situations likely to arise whilst travelling in an area where Hindi is spoken….

Hindi (Introductory) 1A-B

Category: Languages
Course #: HINDI 1A [CCN #25678] (Fall), 1B [CCN #25524] (Spring)
Units: 5
Instructors: Nora Melnikova
Times and Locations:

FALL: MTWThF 11-12 pm, DWIN187

SPRING: MTWThF 9-10 am, remote/online

In Introductory Hindi, you will learn to understand sentences and frequently used expressions related to areas of most immediate relevance (e.g. very basic personal and family information, shopping, local geography, employment). You will learn to communicate simply and discuss routine tasks requiring  simple and direct…

Hindi (Readings in Modern Hindi) 101A

Category: Languages
Course #: HINDI 101A [CNN# 26225]
Units: 3
Instructors: Nora Melnikova
Times and Locations:
TTh 2-3:30pm, DWIN206

This course is designed for students who have already acquired upper-intermediate or higher level of Hindi. Its objective is to move students toward a greater level of proficiency in all language skills and introduce them to a variety of contemporary literary genres. Weekly readings, class…

Indonesian (Intermediate) 100A-B

Category: Languages
Course #: INDONES 100A [CCN #25660] (Fall), INDONES 100B [CCN #25527] (Spring)
Units: 5
Instructors: Ninik Lunde
Times and Locations:
FALL: MW 12-2 pm, F 12-1 pm, VLSB2030, DWIN254
SPRING: MW 12-2 pm, F 12-1 pm, remote/online

Readings in Indonesian texts, including newspapers, journals, and literature exploring a variety of styles. Systematic study of grammatical and lexical problems arising from these readings. Advanced exercises in composition, oral and written communicative skills, and cultural competence.

Indonesian (Introductory) 1A-B

Category: Languages
Course #: INDONES 1A [CCN #25659] (Fall), 1B [CCN #25526] (Spring)
Units: 5
Instructors: Ninik Lunde
Times and Locations:
FALL: MW 12-2 pm, F 10am-11am, VLSB2038, DWIN254
SPRING: MW 10-12 pm, F 10-11 am, remote/online

Survey of grammar, graded exercises, and readings drawn from Indonesian texts, leading to a mastery of basic language patterns, essential vocabulary, and to achievement of basic reading, writing, and conversational competence. Emphasis on developing communicative skills.

Introduction to Contemporary Tamil Literature

Category: South Asian
Course #: SASIAN 131 [CNN #34175]
Units: 4
Instructors: Vasugi Kailasam
Times and Locations:

TTh 9:30-11am,

This course aims to introduce modern literatures in the Tamil language written in India, Sri Lanka, Singapore and Malaysia and other Tamil diasporic spaces. During the course, students will encounter a wide variety of literary aesthetic practices that shape contemporary Tamil literary histories and their…

Introduction to the Civilization of Early India

Category: South Asian
Course #: SASIAN 1A [CNN #23509]
Units: 4
Instructors: Alexander von Rospatt
Times and Locations:
TTh 12:30-2 pm, BARR170

This course offers a broad historical and cultural survey of the civilizations of the Indian subcontinent from the earliest period known to archaeology to the advent of Islam as a major cultural and political force around the 13th century CE. Attention will be paid to…

Introduction to the Civilizations of Southeast Asia: Power, Performance and Identity

Category: Southeast Asian
Course #: SEASIAN 10A [CCN #23641]
Units: 4
Times and Locations:
TTh 12:30-2 pm, DWIN189

This Gateway course introduces the culture and history of mainland Southeast Asia (Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand and Vietnam) with an emphasis on Southeast Asian voices.   Our themes for 2020 are identity, power, and performance. From royal courts and temples to modern screen and stage; theatre…

Introduction to the Study of Buddhism

Category: Buddhism
Course #: SSEASN C52 [CNN #23945]
Units: 4
Instructors: Alexander von Rospatt
Times and Locations:
MWF 1-2 pm, DWIN145

This introduction to the study of Buddhism will consider materials drawn from various Buddhist traditions of Asia, from ancient times down to the present day. However, the course is not intended to be a comprehensive or systematic survey; rather than aiming at breadth, the course…

Islam in South Asia

Category: South Asian
Course #: SASIAN 144 [CNN #31590]
Units: 4
Instructors: Munis D. Faruqui
Times and Locations:
TTh 11am-12:30pm, MULF240

This is an introductory level course on the history of Muslim communities and institutions in South Asia. Its aim is to introduce students to the broad historical currents of the expansion of Islam in the Indian subcontinent, the nature of pre-modern Muslim political authority, interactions…

Khmer (Advanced) 101A

Category: Languages
Course #: KHMER 101A (Fall only) [CNN #24088]
Units: 3
Instructors: Frank Smith
Times and Locations:

T, Th: 12:30-2pm, Online only

This course continues the themes and goals of 100B. Students will focus on the same broad topics covered in Intermediate Khmer–religion, traditional culture, and the language of public information (news and advertising)–but they will learn more advanced vocabulary and grammatical structures necessary for the discussion…

Khmer (Intermediate) 100 A-B

Category: Languages
Course #: KHMER 100A [CCN #22175] (Fall), 100B [CCN #22503] (Spring)
Units: 5
Instructors: Frank Smith
Times and Locations:

FALL: MTWTh 4-5:30 pm

SPRING: MW 4-5:30 pm, TuTh 4-5 pm, remote/online

Non-native speakers who have completed Beginning Khmer will build spoken proficiency with emphasis on everyday “storytelling” and the expression of emotions, feelings, and opinions. Students will gain experience reading progressively difficult authentic Khmer texts, including folk tales and newspaper articles. Heritage speakers with family exposure…

Khmer (Introductory) 1A-B

Category: Languages
Course #: KHMER 1A [CCN #22184] (Fall), 1B [CCN #22502] (Spring)
Units: 5
Instructors: Frank Smith
Times and Locations:
FALL: MTWThF 2-3 pm, DWIN106
SPRING: MTWThF 2-3 pm, remote/online

Provides a command of the basic structures of standard spoken Cambodian and tools for reading and writing elementary texts. Through use of computer-based materials, a textbook, and communicative practice, students gain a foundation in “survival” spoken Khmer. This involves memorization of question and answer exchanges…

Methods and Problems in Teaching South and Southeast Asian Studies

Category: Graduate Seminars
Course #: SSEASN 375 [CNN #32123]
Units: 3
Instructors: Munis D. Faruqui
Times and Locations:
W 4-7 pm, DWIN210

This course prepares graduate students to teach R&C and gateway courses, consolidating skills and developing confidence in the classroom. The course will give students practical experience in creating and adapting materials for use in the classroom, while consolidating their understanding of the basic principles of…

Performance and Prowess in Southeast Asia

Category: Graduate Seminars
Course #: SSEASN 250 [CCN #31589]
Units: 4
Times and Locations:
T 4-7pm, DWIN225

This graduate seminar explores performance as a vehicle for the display and accumulation of power and prowess in Southeast Asia – from royal courts to law courts, temples to theatres.  We will examine (and question) prevailing paradigms of power and performance in Southeast Asian studies,…

Punjabi (Introductory) 1A-B

Category: Languages
Course #: PUNJABI 1A [CCN #23494] (Fall), 1B [CCN #23958] (Spring)
Units: 5
Instructors: Upkar K. Ubhi
Times and Locations:
FALL: TTh 9:30-11am, F 10am-12 pm, DWIN262, DWIN134
SPRING: TTh 9:30-11 am, remote/online

In this introductory year, students will be introduced to Gurmukhi script, and a survey of Punjabi grammar. Graded exercises are designed to lead to a mastery of basic language patterns, essential vocabulary, and the achievement of basic reading and writing skills.

Readings in Indian Buddhist Texts

Category: Graduate Seminars
Course #: SASIAN C215 [CNN #24983]
Units: 4
Instructors: Alexander von Rospatt
Times and Locations:
W 3-6 pm, BARR115

The focus of this graduate seminar varies each semester, but always involves reading a wide spectrum of Indian Buddhist texts in the Sanskrit (or Pali) original introducing the students to different genres, and different aspects of Indian Buddhism. This course may be taken for two…

Sanskrit (Elementary) 100A-B

Category: Languages
Course #: Sanskrit 100A [CCN #23495] (Fall), 100B [CCN #23984] (Spring)
Units: 5
Instructors: Sally J. Sutherland Goldman
Times and Locations:
FALL: MWF 8-10am, DWIN104
SPRING: MWF 8-10 am, remote/online

Sanskrit 100A, followed by 100B, introduces students to Sanskrit grammar, with the goal of developing the skills necessary to speak and read basic, simple Sanskrit texts. Sanskrit 100A covers lessons 1–12 of the Devavāṇīpraveśikā [Robert P. Goldman and Sally J. Sutherland Goldman, 2019], including, the…

Sanskrit (Intermediate): Sāhitya (Literary Sanskrit) 101C

Category: Languages
Course #: SANSKR 101C [CNN #31638]
Units: 5
Instructors: Sally J. Sutherland Goldman
Times and Locations:
MF 12-2 pm, BARR180

Sanskri101C introduces students to classical literary Sanskrit (sāhitya) and commentary, where available. An extended passage of a kāvya and/or an entire play (nāṭaka) is read. Works of Kālidāsa, Bhāsa, Bhavabhūti and the like are normally read. Developing strong reading skills is the focus of the…

Sanskrit: Literature 200A

Category: Languages
Course #: SANSKR 200A [CCN #23497] (Fall), [CCN #31090] (Spring)
Units: 4
Instructors: Robert P. Goldman
Times and Locations:

FALL: MF 2-3:30 pm, remote/online

SPRING: TuTh 9-11 am, remote/online

Advanced readings in Sanskrit literature, including Sanskrit ornate poetry with emphasis on the canons of poetic analysis of the Indian aesthetic tradition.

Self, Representation, and Nation (R5A)

Category: Reading and Composition
Course #: SEASIAN R5A [CCN #25801]
Units: 4
Instructors: Staff
Times and Locations:
MWF 1-2 pm, DWIN189

This course is devoted to a study of selected literary texts set in various regions of Southeast Asia. The readings will include works by foreign authors who lived and traveled in Southeast Asia and translations of works by Southeast Asian writers. These texts will be…

South Asian 140: Hindu Mythology

Category: South Asian
Course #: SASIAN C140 [CNN #31091]
Units: 4
Instructors: Robert P. Goldman
Times and Locations:
TuTh 12:30-2 pm, remote/online

In this course we will study literary and religious aspects of Hindu myths. Through the reading of primary sources in translation, the course covers the main divinities and many mythological themes of early Vedic as well as later Puranic literature. We will follow the development…

South Asian C224: Readings in Tibetan Buddhist Texts

Category: Graduate Seminars
Course #: SASIAN C224 [CNN #25281] ALSO UNDER BUDDSTD C224, TIBETAN C224
Units: 4
Instructors: Jacob Dalton
Times and Locations:

This seminar provides an introduction to a broad range of Tibetan Buddhist texts, including chronicles and histories, biographical literature, doctrinal treatises, canonical texts, ritual manuals, pilgrimage guides, and liturgical texts. It is intended for graduate students interested in premodern Tibet from any perspective. This course…

Tamil (Introductory) 1A-B

Category: Languages
Course #: TAMIL 1A [CNN #23685] (Fall), 1B [CCN #24245] (Spring)
Units: 4
Instructors: Bharathy Sankara Rajulu
Times and Locations:
FALL: TTh 11am-12:30 pm, W 10am-12 pm, DWIN262, EVAN47
SPRING: TTh 11-12:30 pm, W 10-12 pm, remote/online

This introductory level course focuses on progressive acquisition of language skills to communicate effectively in both written and spoken Tamil. It facilitates development of listening, speaking, reading and writing competence along with basic grammar.

Tantric Traditions

Category: Buddhism
Course #: SASIAN 135 [CNN #26524]
Units: 4
Instructors: Jacob Dalton
Times and Locations:
TTh 11am-12:30 pm, BARR104

The emergence of the tantras in seventh and eighth-century India marked a watershed for religious practice throughout Asia. These esoteric scriptures introduced complex new ritual technologies that transformed the religious traditions of India, from Brahmanism to Jainism and Buddhism, as well as those of Southeast…

Telugu (Elementary) 1A-B

Category: Languages
Course #: TELUGU 1A [CCN #23789] (Fall), 1B [CCN #24246] (Spring)
Units: 4
Instructors: Bharathy Sankara Rajulu
Times and Locations:
FALL: TTh 12:30-2 pm, W 12-1pm, DWIN233, BARR78
SPRING: TuTh 12:30-2 pm, remote/online

This elementary level course focuses on progressive acquisition of language skills to communicate effectively in Telugu. It facilitates development of Listening, Speaking, Reading and Writing competence along with basic grammar.

Thai (Advanced) 101A-B

Category: Languages
Course #: THAI 101A [CCN #31643] (Fall), 101B [CCN #25814] (Spring)
Units: 3
Instructors: Supatra Chowchuvech
Times and Locations:

FALL: TTh 8:50-10:15am

SPRING: TuTh 11-12:15 pm, remote/online

Thai 101A is a fifth-semester Thai course, taught through teleconferencing  from University of Wisconsin, Madison. The course is designed to enhance the students’ competence in reading and writing Thai.  The students will be reading texts from The Thai Cultural Reader, newspapers, news from internet, selected…

Thai (Introductory) 1A-B

Category: Languages
Course #: THAI 1A [CCN #32835] (Fall), 1B [CCN #30352] (Spring)
Units: 5
Instructors: Supatra Chowchuvech
Times and Locations:
FALL: MWF 5-7pm, DWIN104
SPRING: M 5 pm – 7:00 pm, W 6:30 pm – 8:00pm, F 5:00 pm – 6:30 pm

This course is designed for students who have little or no knowledge of the Thai language. The focus of Thai 1A is to build vocabulary and develop the ability to speak with correct pronunciation through basic conversation in day-to-day settings. Students will be introduced to…

The Realist Novel in South and Southeast Asia

Category: Graduate Seminars
Course #: SASIAN 240 [CCN #34180]
Units: 4
Instructors: Vasugi Kailasam
Times and Locations:

T 2-5pm

This course looks at the histories and the contexts of the realist novel through a comparative literary focus on South and Southeast Asia. By examining novels produced in both South and Southeast Asia from the 1900’s to the present, this course will look at how…

Topics in South and Southeast Asian Studies: Southeast Asian Life Writing–Biography and the History of the Everyday

Category: Southeast Asian
Course #: SSEASN 120 002 [CNN #31860]
Units: 4
Instructors: Lisandro Claudio
Times and Locations:

TTh 2-4pm, DWINEL109

This course uses biographies to narrate the history of modern Southeast Asia. It will not only examine prominent individuals who have shaped history, but also ordinary lives that reflect this history. This course will also investigate life writing as a non-fiction genre. For the final…

Urdu (Advanced) 101A

Category: Languages
Course #: HIN-URD 101A [CNN #26418]
Units: 3
Instructors: Gregory Maxwell Bruce
Times and Locations:
TTh 12:30-2pm, DWIN210

Reading of Urdu prose and poetry in a variety of literary and scholarly styles; composition. Topics in advanced grammar; designed to improve proficiency in speaking, listening, reading, and writing. Students will be expected to converse in a clearly participatory fashion, initiate, sustain, and bring to…

Urdu (Intermediate) 100A-B

Category: Languages
Course #: URD 100A [CCN #25623] (Fall), 100B [CCN #25531] (Spring)
Units: 4
Instructors: Gregory Maxwell Bruce
Times and Locations:
FALL: MWF 11-12pm, DWIN189
SPRING: MWF 9-10 am, remote/online

Introduces various types of written and spoken Urdu; vocabulary building, idioms, and problems of syntax; and conversation. Reading of selected fiction and nonfiction in modern Urdu, including fables, short stories, and poetry. Exercises in grammar, conversation, and composition.

Urdu (Introductory) 1A-B

Category: Languages
Course #: URD 1A [CCN #25622] (Fall), [CCN #25530] 1B (Spring)
Units: 5
Instructors: Gregory Maxwell Bruce
Times and Locations:
FALL: MTWThF 10-11 am, DWIN189
SPRING: MTWThF 10-11 am, remote/online

The course concentrates on developing skills in reading, writing, speaking, and aural comprehension. Evaluation is based on attendance, written homework assignments, quizzes, dictations, and examinations. Conventional teaching materials may be supplemented by popular songs and clips from contemporary Indian cinema.

Vietnamese (Advanced) 101A-B

Category: Languages
Course #: VIETNMS 101A [CCN #] (Fall), 101B [CCN #24303] (Spring)
Units: 3
Instructors: Cam Nguyen
Times and Locations:
FALL: TTh 2-3:30pm, DWIN233
SPRING: TuTh 2-3:30 pm, remote/online

This course is designed for students who have already achieved an intermediate degree of proficiency in speaking, reading, and writing modern Vietnamese. Objective: to move students toward a greater level of fluency in each of these key areas and provide an introduction to the literature…

Vietnamese (Intermediate) 100A-B

Category: Languages
Course #: VIETNMS 100A [CNN #23870] (Fall), 100B [CCN #24302] (Spring)
Units: 5
Instructors: Hanh Tran
Times and Locations:
FALL: MTWThF 1-2pm, DWIN206
SPRING: MTWThF 1-2 pm, remote/online

A second-year course in Vietnamese vocabulary and syntax with intensive drills on short colloquial expressions and auditory recognition of speech patterns. First semester course stresses phraseology, sentence building, rules of composition and development of students’ communicative skills. By the end of the second semester students…

Vietnamese (Introductory) 1A-B

Category: Languages
Course #: VIETNMS 1A-B
Units: 5
Instructors: Hanh Tran
Times and Locations:
FALL:
[CCN #23690] MTWThF 11am-12 pm, DWIN183
[CCN #23691] MTWThF 12-1pm, DWIN106
SPRING:
[CCN #24301] MTWThF 12-1 pm, remote/online

An introduction to modern spoken and written Vietnamese, including intensive drill on basic phonology and grammar. The first semester emphasizes phonetic concepts, syllable formations and tonal distinctions along with simple sentence structures in everyday topics. By the end of the second semester, students should be…